Grooming is defined as « actions deliberately undertaken with the aim of befriending and establishing an emotional connection with a child, in order to lower the child's inhibitions in preparation for sexual activity with the child ». To « groom » a child a paedophile must have a way of communicating with a child effectively in private. To do this they are exploiting the popularity with children of chat rooms and social networking websites.

In France, the grooming of a minor under 15 years of age is punishable by 2 years imprisonment and a €30,000 fine (article 227-22-1 of the Penal Code). The sentence can reach up to 5 years imprisonment and €75,000 in the case of a meeting between the child and the paedophile.

To report suspected child grooming click here.